Abbe Herzig, AMS Director of Education
In the midst of the upheaval due to the Coronavirus, students and faculty are transitioning to new virtual classrooms. Many of us haven’t chosen to learn or teach, but here we are, making the best of this new reality.
在这篇文章中,我描述了一些指导方针help students manage the transition to online learning as smoothly as possible. Instructors can support students by helping them to learn online, and I encourage instructors reading this to pass it along to your students. I offer these suggestions with a caveat: Some of these ideas may not be feasible for everyone, and that’s ok. We all have unique living, learning, and life situations, and what works for one of us may not work for others. Take what you can, and leave the rest. Keep realistic expectations of yourself, understanding that these circumstances are less than ideal. While the suggestions in this post are directed toward students, I also offer “teaching tips” to help instructors support their students.
最重要的是，照顾你的身心健康。Self-care isn’t self-indulgent. If your physical or mental health falters, the rest of your work will suffer. Time invested in healthy habits pays off.
Create healthy habits睡觉，吃，运动和水合。这些基础将帮助您专注和管理压力，也有许多长期的健康益处。我们许多人的自我保健最困难的睡眠，但这是你能为自己所做的最重要的事情之一。
Focus on the positive。虽然这可能在这些挑战时间内听起来很简单，但寻找笑的方式，观看有趣的视频，唱歌，跳舞或做任何帮助您放松并为您提供从学校和其他压力的急需休息。限制您花费的时间浏览有多糟糕的东西。如果您选择遵循新闻，请识别值得信赖的新闻来源，并明智地调整它。
If you struggle with anxiety or depression, identify resourcesin advance并保持信息方便。如果需要，这将使您可以更轻松地访问支持。做一点研究todayto identify resources for counseling and crisis management available online or by phone. Your college or university has not shut down, only moved to a new normal, and most essential services are still available. You can also identify support groups in the community or online. There are several hotlines and other resources for students in crisis. The counseling center can help you find one to have on hand just in case you need it.
教学提示:Understand the stress that students are experiencing in this transition. Remain flexible with deadlines, incompletes, extensions, and grades.
Make good use of resources。What arrangements has your college or university made for access to libraries, advising, and technical support? How can you contact each of your professors? If they have virtual office hours, learn the times and how to reach them. Is there an online forum for asking questions? If you know in advance how to access these resources, it will be easier to seek help when you need it.
教学提示: Know which resources are available to students for advising, counseling, library use, crisis intervention, tutoring. Help students connect with these and also with external resources, such as虚拟书呆子,Math is Fun,汗学院, orMath Forum。Make sure students know when and how they can reach you: Establish virtual office hours and give students other ways to contact you for help.
Talk with people around you about what you need,including parents, siblings, children, roommates, friends, bosses, and anyone else who has expectations of you or who impacts your daily life. Discuss your educational workload and what you need to meet it. Especially if there are other people in your living space who are studying or working from home, negotiate how you can have the best access possible to the space, technology, time, and quiet you need to meet your responsibilities. You may not be able to achieve the ideal, but planning and talking in advance will get you as close as possible.
Make and maintain personal connections打击隔离。个人连接可以支持您的身心健康，可以帮助您学习。形成一个研究组，使用社交媒体，通过讨论板或Facebook集团连接。与朋友和家人安排视频通话。如果您发现与他人一起学习，请尝试与您的小组的虚拟或基于电话的学习会话。通过虚拟办公时间或学习组与教师和同学保持联系，以便您可以留在课程上。
教学提示：通过互动阶级活动促进社区，与学生真实沟通。识别并扰乱课程中可能出现的任何种族主义，仇外体或其他有争议的问题。Making uncomfortable conversations productivecan help our students and colleagues move forward with greater understanding and inclusion.
找出你的期望。A chart or list of requirements for all of your courses might help you stay organized. Identify changes to course requirements, assignments, and due dates. Record the tools you need to access each course and where they are, including any chats, discussion forums, or other means to ask questions and communicate. Identify if you need to be online at specific times, how you are expected to submit assignments, and the schedule and process for quizzes, exams and other assignments. These details may be different for different courses, so a system for keeping track of what you need to do, and where, how and when, will really help you as you move through the rest of the semester. Ask lots of questions, but also be patient with your instructors! Many of them are new to this online environment as well, and they are figuring all of this out as quickly as they can.
Get comfortable with the technology in advance。Test computers, internet connections, software, webcams, headsets, mobile devices, and microphones. Mobile devices may be convenient, but may not always provide all the functionality you need. Know where to get technical support in the event that you need it.If you don’t have access to something you need, contact your professors as soon as possible。They may be able to provide alternative assignments or different ways to access the course material.
教学提示:Communicate expectations clearly and often. Use multiple modalities like email, announcements, texts, small peer-support groups, and other means. Offer students multiple ways to participate. Some students have more limited resources than you expect and may need alternative ways to meet course requirements.
Use good study habits.正如您通常就会拍笔记和学习。关闭分散注意力的标签和应用程序。当你想到的时候，人类不如多任务处理！让自己能够专注于你的工作。限制社交媒体。尽力关注所有课程活动（讨论，集团工作，观看视频）。
教学提示: Provide students with individualized support and feedback.
管理您的时间并保持组织。Setting a schedule can help provide structure, keep you motivated, and prevent you from falling behind. Make sure your schedule is realistic and achievable. Record due dates, exams, and other assignments. Set aside specific times to study, and strive to keep balance by including the things that are most important to you. Allocate sufficient time for self-care. Schedule breaks. Do you need one-on-one time with your family? Build it into your schedule on a regular basis. If unexpected circumstances arise that interfere with your schoolwork, communicate with your professors as soon as you can.
教学提示:Communicate weekly about what is due, when, what tools should be used, and how work should be submitted. Establish weekly routines and rhythms to help you and your students keep on track.
Engage actively in online group work.Group work and collaboration will look a little different online, but is still important to learning and creates a much-needed sense of community. Meet regularly with your team. Check in regularly with a quick text on your group chat. Identify a purpose for each meeting to help your team stay focused and on track. Take notes in a shared document so you can all contribute and keep track of progress. Meet by video when you can, to help you communicate more clearly and stay connected to each other. If someone has been absent from your group meetings, check in on them to make sure they’re ok.